The Beauty of Mapping Our World — From Maps to Land Surveying

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The Beauty of Mapping Our World — From Maps to Land Surveying

We thought we’d go back this month, all the way back. What we do here at Land-Mark is to understand terrain and land for the purposes of historical records, construction, and more. All of that began, however, with the idea of mapping and what is known as cartography. 

Understanding the terrain which we inhabit has been a natural impulse for people and therefore early attempts at mapping our surroundings appear early on in human history. The earliest maps date back to 16, 500 BCE. These maps, however, were focused on the night sky more than they were the earth itself. Ancient cave paintings often depict landscape features like hills and mountains. These early forms of maps were there to help people navigate the world. 

In ancient Babylonia maps on clay tablets, as well as routes done by ancient Egyptians on papyrus paper. In fact, many ancient civilizations would come to develop their own systems of mapping and drawing out the landscape. 

The Greeks 

The Greek civilization was no different. They helped develop the industry of cartography as an important science. Many notable ancient Greeks would study the size and shape of the earth and its habitable areas, climatic zones, and country positions. We might all be familiar with Pythagoras, as he was the first one to draw the map of the earth that showed it as a sphere. Geographers of ancient Greece started trying to calculate the circumference of the earth. 

Ancient maps are always fascinating, as they tend to be a little biased. Early Greek maps, for example, tend to show Greece as the center of the world. And this happened with China as well. Other early Greek maps, however, do show the landmasses divided into two continents: Asia and Europe. This was derived, in large part, by Homer’s work and other notable works of the time. 

The Roman Empire

The Roman empire began to see a real practical and functional use for their maps. Understanding the terrain meant that this could help them for military purposes and other expansion efforts. The need for the empire to control and protect their empire in both military and economic aspects, meant that they needed to have a precise picture of boundaries and road networks. 

Other important map contributions include the Ptolemy map, which is notable for its probable role in the Roman expansion. This is the beginning of latitude and longitude, which we still use today in all of mapping and land surveying. This was originally done around 130 AD but was lost and had to be recreated in 1300 AD. Cartographers that came after this then adopted this system and refined it to be far more accurate.

During the Middle Ages, where so much scientific and artistic advancement was halted, the work of map-making continued. Many Muslim scholars followed the methods of latitude and longitude. As travel across the glove increased, various notes and writing became essential to understanding the new terrain. 

Later on, medieval European maps adopted their own form of doing things. They called them ‘mappa mundi.’ The largest Medieval map still in existence includes the Hereford Mappa Mundi—an elaborately and delicately colored map. The Fra Mauro map is another notable map of the ancients. It was created by a monk and it is a large round map of the world. 

Let’s skip to the 1600s. There is the famed Ricci Map, a.k.a the Impossible Black Tulip—which is a great name for a map! This map was put together by a Jesuit priest and actually shows the Americas, though it has China in the center. 

As Modernity Sets In….

As people continued exploring and mapping out the world, discovering new worlds, mapping those out and so on and so forth, maps became more and more accurate, necessary, and detailed. As the Industrial Revolution set it, trade and commerce began to connect the whole world through a vast network of trading routes and travel. This meant that a more defined understanding of our world was needed. All of a sudden, travel for pleasure was possible and people taking vacations or exploring new areas of the world were looking to move through the areas. 

The ornate maps of earlier times, however, were replaced with far more functional and practical maps that could be used for various types of travelers including business travelers, explorers, and even leisure travelers. During the 19th century, railroads expanded rapidly throughout the world, connecting the world once again. 

Reading maps is something that used to be taught in school, perhaps not so much anymore if most people use the GPS technology. Nevertheless, the world of mapmaking continues to be a fascinating field, as it is focused on providing detailed information about a certain terrain.  

Find a Trustworthy Land Surveyor — A Different Kind of Map Maker

Here at Land-Mark Land Surveying, we don’t make your typical maps but we engage in the practice of creating detailed and informative depictions of a particular landmass or piece of land.

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The Evolution of GPS Technology and How It Affected Land Surveying

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We live in the age of information. We all probably hear this phrase on a regular basis and are made of aware of this fact again and again when we encounter— and have immediate access to — endless bits of information and media and entertainment. Land surveying involves the gathering of information and data. The world of GPS has also significantly changed the way we travel and move around, as well as the way we understand the terrain. Many people now depend on GPS to get around. As land surveyors, GPS technology has impacted the way we do our work as well. 

For centuries, scientists aimed to devise a way to enhance and improve our navigation and improve our ability to pinpoint our position in the world with accuracy. That technology exists today and most of us hardly give it a second thought. 

The Beginning of the Technology 

The GPS technology has so steadily snuck its way into our cars, our phones, and our lives. It has its origins in the Sputnik era. Scientists were able to track the satellites with shifts in their radio signals. This is known as the Doppler Effect. Throughout the 1960s the United States Navy conducted experiments to track submarines carrying nuclear missiles. In the 70s, the Department of Defense used some of this Navy technology and continued the movement of using satellites to track movement and for sophisticated navigation systems. 

The DoD launched its first Navigation System with Timing and Ranging (NAVSTAR) satellite in 1978. By 1993, the 24 satellite system that GPS uses today was pretty much operational. There are two levels of service: the Standard Positioning Service and Precise Positioning Service. Access to the latter is restricted to the U.S Armed Forces. The former is the one most people know today as the GPS utilized by everyone. 

So who created this technology and who do we credit as the inventor? After all, we always want to put a face to the name, even though some of the inventors we credit are not often the ones that deserve all the credit. Thomas Edison, for example, gets all the credit for the light bulb, but Humphry Davy might have something to say about that. 

When it comes to GPS technology, there are a lot of people that contributed to what ultimately became the technology. There are four people typically credited with at least spearheading the concept that was developed by the US Department of Defense for military purposes. There is Roger L. Easton, the former head of Naval Research Laboratory’s Space Application was the brain behind a lot of the preliminary applications. Another name is Ivan Getting which contributed to the idea of using an advanced system of satellites to allow the calculation of data. Bradford Parkinson was at the forefront was also a chief architect of the technology. And then Dr. Gladys West also contributed to the advancements of calculations for an accurate model. 

GPS stands for Global Positioning System and today this system has become quite sophisticated that it allows us to find addresses that might seem otherwise hidden or in the middle of nowhere. GPS uses signals from satellites to pinpoint a location on the Earth’s surface. GPS will use at least 24 separate satellites in a system that consists of six earth-centered orbital planes. 

The Main Uses of GPS & How They Help Land Surveyors 

  1. It determines a position or location 
  2. Facilitates navigation 
  3. Allows tracking 
  4. Creates maps 
  5. Aids accurate time measurement

How did GPS make its way into land surveying?

Because land surveyors are essentially marking and measuring terrain and property, GPS was a natural for the industry. The use of technology in surveying was one of the first commercial adaptations of GPS technology. GPS survey equipment allows the ability to obtain location, distance, and height almost instantaneously. 

There are some pros and cons, however, when it comes to using/depending on GPS for land surveying. The benefits include:

  • It offers a higher level of accuracy 
  • Calculations are made quickly 
  • Land surveyors can carry GPS components easily 

There are also some slight disadvantages. These might include:

  • Requires a clear view of the sky to receive the satellite signal 
  • When the area has intense foliage, there may be limits
  • All GPS survey equipment is subject to failure 
  • The equipment can be costly 

As GPS evolves, of course, land surveying will likely benefit and only increase its efficiency and accuracy. Already, in the last decade there has been quite a lot of changes in the way that land surveying is done, thanks to new equipment and improvement of techniques. 

Get Accuracy with Land-Mark Land Surveyors 

Just like any other industry in the 21st century, land surveying continues to change and advance as technology does the same. Here at Land-Mark, we do the job right. We use top-of-the-line equipment and the best techniques to ensure an accurate reading. 

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Land Surveying on Mars: Using Earth-Based Tech to Map The Red Planet

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a desert landscape reminiscent of MarsThe planet Mars has held the attention (and curiosity) of earthlings for decades. Ancient peoples, such as Greek and Romans, noticed the red planet and named it after their god of war (Ares for Greek and Mars for Roman). These ancient peoples had a knack for naming planets. The ravaged, cold landscape of Mars does look as if a terrible war on a planetary scale took place on its surface, eons ago. Today, half a millennium later, the planet continues to fill our minds with ideas for the future of mankind. What separates us from the ancients, however, is our ability to learn more about Mars than ever before. Thanks to modern advancements in technology, mankind has been able to gather more information about Mars than ever before. This red planet is being surveyed by rovers and, in the future, by drones. The age-old tradition of surveying will pave a way for humans to potentially make Mars our second home.

The Truth About the Red Planet

It may seem like the Greeks and Romans hit it out of the park when naming Mars after their god of war. The surface of Mars is the definition of desolate, much like a location after thousands of nuclear bomb has been dropped. But the surface of Mars is actually much colder than one might initially think. This all has to do with the planet’s relative location in our solar system. Earth’s location relative to the sun, for instance, is not too hot or too cold. Our neighbors, Venus and Mercury, are far too close to the sun and thus have surface temperatures of 864° Fahrenheit and 801° Fahrenheit, respectively. Mars, on the other hand, has more “livable” temperatures (at least, during the day). Temperatures during a martian day near the equator can reach around 70° Fahrenheit while temperatures at night can reach minus 100° F. Pretty cold, isn’t it? Earth, which is the third planet away from the sun is the perfect temperature for life to thrive. Thanks to Earth’s temperature, water doesn’t immediately evaporate. This is why there’s life on Earth, as opposed to the other planets that surround us.

How NASA is Preparing to Survey the Surface of Mars

But does this mean life never existed on Mars? Thanks to the handful of rovers that have traversed the red planet’s surface, as well as high-quality images from satellites and telescopes, scientists have been able to find frozen ice or even signs of long-dried out rivers on the Martian surface. Perhaps Mars was a green, flourishing planet eons ago but today we only see the cold, distant remnants of an empty planet.

NASA is currently testing the Prandtl-m prototype. This drone will survey Mars’ surface (much how land surveyors surveyed America and the rest of Planet Earth throughout history and today). It’s incredible to think that the long-standing tradition of land surveying will be used to depict the surface of Mars. With this information, Earth-based scientists will be able to formulate what it may take for mankind to live on Mars. Today, however, you can call Land-Mark Land Surveyors to take care of all your Earth-based surveying needs.

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What Can I Do If My Neighbor Builds on My Property?

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What Can I Do If My Neighbor Builds on My Property?

Imagine this: you’ve finally found that white-picket fence, American dream of a house that you’ve always wanted and dreamed about, and then…your neighbor starts building on your property. Whether it’s a fence that cuts into your yard or you find your neighbor pruning what doesn’t belong to him, property disputes with neighbors are actually quite common, especially when there aren’t clear barriers or lines denoting whose property is whose. Here are a few things you can do if you find yourself dealing with a property dispute.

#1: Start With a Civil Discussion

Many times, when property disputes happen, simply talking to your neighbor about it can oftentimes resolve the problem. But we know that isn’t always the case, especially when the borders dividing your yards aren’t so cut and dry. If a civil discussion doesn’t cut it, don’t fret because there are other options for you.

#2: Bring it Up With a Property Manager

If you’re renting your property, your property manager may be able to help you resolve the dispute, especially if they are renting out your neighbor’s property as well, as is the case for many neighborhoods in El Paso. However, we’ve seen that many property disputes happen between two people who own the home they live in. If that’s the case, obviously this step is one you can skip.

#3: Contact a Land Surveyor to Help

A land surveyor’s job involves surveying land to identify property lines, among other things. So, if there is a dispute between you and your neighbor, a land surveyor can help you identify where your property lines fall so you and your neighbor can build and install to your heart’s’ content without worrying about building on each other’s property.

#4: Talk to a Lawyer as a Last Resort

If all else fails, a lawyer can help you dispute the barriers as well using the information the land surveyor gathers about your property lines. It’s a worst case scenario but sometimes it has to be done.

The Importance of Land Surveying and Property Lines

Land surveying is important for all sorts of functions in life, from architecture and homebuilding to economics and landscaping. Land surveying can identify property lines, help people build and expand thoughtfully, and can help with things like habitat preservation. At Land-Mark Professional Surveying, Inc., we can help people dispute property boundary issues civilly. Call us today to learn more!

A Few FAQs for Your Land Planning

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construction manager walking a grassy sight with a map, land planning for a projectIf you are in the process of building on your land, you probably already know that the local government will want a site plan. You will more than likely need to enlist the help of a good surveyor for a land planning survey. On a good note, getting a survey done will also provide you with valuable info for your site planning needs. Whether it is a personal plot and you are building a home, or you are working on a commercial plot to build a retail center, it doesn’t matter! A survey can point out all the different aspects of your land that will impact your building plans. At Landmark Professional Surveying, Inc., we have a few FAQs here for your planning:

Question: Do I Really Need a Land Planning Survey?

Answer: First of all, your local government probably requires some kind of survey in order for you to obtain the proper permits to build on your land. But, as mentioned, land surveys offer valuable info for land planning, as well. This can include the type of ground you are building on, best areas for drainage, finding out if you are on a floodplain or hard rock, and so on. When you are planning buildings and improvements that interact with the land, a survey is always good to have, whether it is required or not.

Question: What Do I Need to Know About Land Planning Surveys?

Answer: First of all, your local survey agency will know the details of your required land survey for permit needs. They will have a firm understanding of what this legal document needs to provide. Not only will they create a proper survey to satisfy permit needs, but will provide info about your land for building purposes. From topography, property boundaries to proposed grading you can be sure to get a thorough account of your land.

Question: How Do I Get Started?

Answer: Getting started on your land planning needs and survey is as simple as giving us a call at Land-Mark Professional Surveying, Inc. We work with builders, architects, and government officials on a regular basis. We have a firm understanding that is drawn from 17 years of experience in the industry. We have provided services to private and commercial land builders in the Southwest region and offer reputable services. Give us a call today to get started on your land survey. We will be happy to answer your questions or set up a consultation.

Why is Land Surveying Important for Land Development?

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land surveying under blue skyIf you are in the business of land development El Paso, you probably know that there are a lot of things that go into it. Getting a plot of land ready for sale or construction require many things including land surveys. A land survey does a number of things for the builders, the owners, and the city officials. If you are in El Paso or the surrounding areas, our team at Land-Mark Professional Surveying can assist you.

Priceless Knowledge That Will Help You

A land survey for land development El Paso is very important and can tell investors and developers a lot about the area. The knowledge you get from a land survey will help you move forward with developing land and being able to sell and build upon it. So what exactly happens with a land survey? A land surveyor in the area will be able to go around and determine boundaries for a plot of land. This can be very helpful so that land owners know the boundaries of their land and where someone else’s land begins. This can help so that they do not cross over into land that is technically not theirs. A survey can also note where improvements can be made on the land and make maps. Mapping will allow everyone to have a visual representation of the boundaries and the area in which you are investing in and developing.

Know Where Important Things Are On Your Piece Of Land

Another reason for a land survey is so that builders and city officials will know where certain things are. It can tell the developers where gas lines, electric lines, water lines, cemeteries, and other important landmarks and pipelines are. This can be very important for a number of reasons. If someone doesn’t know where electric or water lines are, they can dug into them and puncture them. This can be costly to fix if it is a water line. If it is an electric line that is cut, it can be very serious and very dangerous. People can get hurt and electrocuted if they are not careful. A land survey is an essential way to make sure that you know where certain things are and how to effectively maneuver around them during the development and building process.

Get The Best Land Surveying In The El Paso Area

All in all, land surveys are very important for any land development El Paso. It will help more than you can imagine and help you get the most out of your property. If you are in need of excellent surveying services, our team at Land-Mark Professional Surveying can ensure that you get the quality services you need. We know the importance of making sure everything there is to be known about a piece of property is known. We understand how this can hurt or help an investment and we want to help in the best way possible. If you would like more information on our land surveying or how we can help you with your land development, please give us a call today.

What to do to Prepare for Land Development in El Paso, TX

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land surveyors preparing for land developmentWhen developing a concept and a plan for any type of construction it is essential to first begin with a land development plan to assert if the project is plausible one in the space of land chosen for such project.  Sure, location is a primal factor in the construction of any project. However—through careful research and surveying—it becomes clear that the land might not be entirely suitable.  For this reason, it is of the utmost importance to prepare for land development ahead of time and with the best team possible.  Land-Mark Professional Surveying, Inc. can help those who will begin land development in El Paso, TX.

The Best Team for Land Development

Land development is most definitely a team effort, there are a lot of people involved in the process at the various stages of it. When developing land you are essentially altering the landscape, you are making a permanent change on the surface of the earth. Therefore, you need the best team possible to ensure everything will be done correctly and efficiently.  When partnering with an experienced surveying company look no further than Land-Mark Professional Surveying, Inc.

The Knowledge Necessary for Outstanding Land Developmenta new land development going underway

At Land-Mark Professional Surveying, Inc. you’ll find the best, most hardworking trained professionals who will ensure your project gets the best attention.  With a variety of surveys, the professionals at Land-Mark Professional Surveying, Inc. know everything from boundaries of the land to any improvements made in the land over the years.

Contact Land-Mark Professional Surveying, Inc. and discover what they have to offer and how they can help you go through your project with ease.

Why the American Land Title Association Created the Survey

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two ATLA surveyors working on surveying landWhy the American Land Title Association Created the Survey

When you see the finished product after ordering an ALTA survey in Odessa, you might wonder about the reasons and the history behind the profession. Landmark Professional Surveying has been in business for years and they understand every aspect of the industry including the survey’s history and why they are needed.

However, the average person might be surprised to find out the history of surveying goes back further than expected. As far back as 1400 B.C., the ancient Egyptians used a system of dividing land so it could be properly taxed. Around 120 B.C., the Greeks developed a system of geometry that was used in dividing land parcels. The Greeks built their system-build upon the work their Egyptians cousins did before them.

Modern ALTA survey Odessa

The modern ALTA survey in Odessa has its background in some of these ancient systems. In fact, the American Land Title Association created the modern survey for some of the same reasons ancient civilizations used them for. The division of land for taxation purposes are just a few of the cornerstones of the modern survey as we know it today.an architect performing an ALTA survey Odessa

Landmark Professional Surveying was created in 1991 and has since become one of the biggest land surveying companies in El Paso and surrounding areas. They have an expert staff of highly qualified individuals who understand all of the latest modernization in the ALTA survey. If you take just a few minutes to look at their website, you’ll see the various projects they have successfully completed.

The American Land Title Association created the survey so the modern world would be divided into proper parcels for taxation and construction purposes. It’s interesting to note that these modern surveys have a historical background that reaches back into the ancient past. Contact Landmark Professional Surveying to find out more. 

Proper Land Planning for University Expansion

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land planning in el pasoWhen you are expanding a university’s campus in El Paso, there are some key factors you should be aware of for successful land planning and development. One of the most important elements in any building expansion is making sure you first understand the parameters and boundaries of the property. Conducting a thorough research of the property during the initial stage will guide all further building plans and budget costs involved.

Qualities of a Trustworthy Survey Company

A survey company is indispensable but many people on the university committee dealing with expansion might not understand what they need to look for in one of these professional firms. Like many other organizations, finding the best surveying firm means choosing one with membership in the right professional organizations, like the Registered Professional Land Surveyors in Texas. The staff needs to be qualified and competent as well. It is critical to make sure they have the right licenses to be able to work in a variety of different environments. A trustworthy surveyor, like Land-Mark Professional Surveying Inc. will mention the kind of equipment and software used on their website so you can get a fully rounded view of what to expect on your upcoming university expansion project.

Land Planning Done Right

Finally, it is always good protocol to work with a surveying company that can offer you a portfolio of the projects that they have worked on to better show the extent of their talent. If you are in need of a reliable and trustworthy surveying company for a university expansion project, then Land-Mark Professional Surveying Inc. meets all the above criteria in what is crucial for land planning in El Paso. We are a professional firm that has been in business since 1991, and throughout this time we have created a strong community reputation for detailed success in every project we undertake. Allow us to partner with your vision and create the University expansion you need. Contact us today.

The First Essential Step in Land Development

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land-development, El-Paso

If you are interested in developing a new subdivision in west El Paso, your first step is to partner with an experienced survey company that provides assistance with land development in the city. Landmark Professional Surveying, Inc., can provide you with the assistance you need throughout the process of developing a new subdivision. It is imperative you do your due diligence on any plot of land where you are considering new construction, and this starts with getting comprehensive surveys before you make an offer on a plot of land. You need to ensure the land is able to support the land development that you are looking to do- and a survey company can help you to make that decision.

Why Do You Need a Surveying Company’s Help for Land Development?
There are many things you need to know when undertaking land development in El Paso, like what the boundaries are for a given plot of land, what improvements (if any) there have already been to the land, and what easements or encumbrances are found within the land. You need to know if utilities are already on the land, or can be added, and where those utilities are located so you can carve up the land into different plots to develop. You also need to understand the topographical features of the land to make sure the land is well-suited to your desired purposes.

Trust Our Experience and Reliable Services
Landmark Professional Survey offers multiple different types of surveys done by fully-licensed and fully-trained industry professionals. Many individuals and businesses interested in land development in El Paso trust us to do all of their surveying for them because they can work with one company they know will do it all right. We provide our services throughout the Southwest and have been a leading provider of surveying services since 1991.

To learn more about how Landmark Professional Survey can help you get all the information you need to move forward with land development in El Paso, contact us today.

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